Впервые так четко и стильно отделены мухи от котлет в античной истории.
Лучший из всех роликов ДЕГа пока, безусловно. И только на русском, иноязычных аналогов
такой глубины и проработки деталей нет нигде.
Да, совершенно точно, династия СеверОв, конкретно Александр Север, за считанные годы погубивший Рим,
как ту Америку Обама, но конечно дело не в персоналиях, а
в люто враждебных всему "истинно римскому” кланах, стоящих в тени истории.
Естественно, не было никаких мифических веков “разложения и падения”, а просто раз - и все,
на протяжении жизни одного поколения, т.е. двадцать лет максимум.
Наверняка зрительские массы уже просят раскрыть заодно тему “романовых”, кто они такие
и откуда взялись. И про “норманнов” заодно конечно.
My expertise starts with the fall of the Roman Empire...
So, when did the people start using Arabic?
17, 16th century. In the 14th century they were still using Roman numerals.
after Rome fell...
The Moslem geographers, in describing the world of their time,
are interested in mostly describing China and the Byzantine Empire.
The West, to them, was just what for us
today would be the bushman territory of central Africa.
With Byzantium the intermediaries were the Venetians
From 1252, you start having the production of gold coins in Europe.
It started in Florence and in Genoa. And then, practically in every single place.
Well, don’t forget that a city like Venice, at the top of its development,
counted about 100,000 people. It was as large as Berkeley. It was a small world.
And out of these 100,000 people, given the demographic structure of the times,
half were children, so you were down to 50,000. Out of these 50,000, half were women,
so you were down to 25,000. Out of these 25,000, 20,000 would be workers, sailors,
and so forth. So the merchant community, the financial community would be a few
thousand people. And they knew everything. So information would circulate rapidly.
In fact, this is one of the extraordinary things. When you think of the Renaissance . . .
You can make similar calculations for Florence,
and you will come out with the result that the Renaissance
was the product of two, three thousand people.
The huge Portuguese empire which ranged from Brazil, to Macao,
to Angola, to the Ginian Coast, was a few thousand people.
This example you just gave, of a shipping venture to the East,
this was like the merchant bank that had underwritten its own shipping operations?
Well, in that particular case, in Venice, banks were actually acting only as banks. It was a family. It was members of a big family, with other members who might be in trade. These members set up these banking companies which operated only as a bank. The intermixture was often through the family connections. These families with lots of wealth. Some set up the merchant company, some set up a bank. Although some of the banks of the Florentine type were merchant banks, were combined. For instance, the Medici bank, – it was not purely a bank; they were both manufacturers and traders. They would practice banking; they would practice manufacturing; they would practice trading. In Venice, they had more specialization, of just banking.